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Friday, 29 March 2013 12:15

FAQ: Keracunan Makanan Oleh Bakteria Salmonella

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1. Apakah agen penyebab?

Bakteria dari kumpulan Salmonella yang berpunca dari:

  • Usus manusia dan haiwan (terutamanya usus ayam)
  • Haiwan perosak (tikus, lipas dan lalat)
  • Haiwan liar

2. Apakah makanan yang biasa dikaitkan dengan bakteria ini?

  • Daging unggas dan yang berasaskan unggas
  • Telur dan hasil telur
  • Susu dan hasil tenusu
  • Hasil tenusu (keju, krim, kastard)

3. Bagaimanakah cara ia merebak?

  • Makanan tercemar samada semasa penyimpanan atau semasa penyediaan.
  • Pengendali makanan yang dicemari oleh haiwan (tangan ke mulut)

4. Apakah tanda-tanda keracunan makanan ini?

  • Demam
  • Cirit birit
  • Sakit perut
  • Muntah-muntah
  • Loya
  • Sakit kepala

5. Berapa lama tempoh jangkitan?

Antara 6 jam ke 72 jam (kebiasaannya 12 - 36 jam)

6. Bagaimana cara-cara pencegahan keracunan makanan ini?

  • Masak daging, unggas dan telur dengan sempurna
  • Elakkan memakan daging atau stik yang mentah atau separuh masak
  • Gunakan peralatan yang berbeza (pisau, papan pemotong) untuk daging mentah dan yang telah dimasak
  • Simpan makanan mentah dan yang telah dimasak dalam bekas yang berbeza
Read 5116 times Last modified on Saturday, 30 March 2013 17:30

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  • Apa itu makanan yang selamat?

    Makanan yang selamat ialah makanan yang bebas dari pencemaran. Penyediaan makanan yang selamat adalah penting untuk mencegah keracunan makanan.

    Mengapa memilih makanan yang selamat?

    Memilih makanan yang selamat penting untuk mengelakkan keracunan makanan.

    Bagaimana untuk memilih makanan yang selamat?
    • Pilih bahan mentah yang SEGAR
    • Pilih makanan yang SELAMAT
    • Pilih makanan yang telah DIMASAK dengan SEMPURNA
    • Pilih TEMPAT makan yang BERSIH
    Kepada siapa aduan mengenai premis makanan yang kotor hendak diajukan?
    • Pejabat Kesihatan Daerah yang terdekat atau
    • Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri yang terdekat atau
    • Ibu pejabat Keselamatan dan Kualiti Makanan (BKKM) melalui:
    Apa fakta perkara penting yang patut saya tahu?

    Tangan anda mungkin kelihatan bersih, tetapi ini tidak bermakna ianya bersih. Basuh tangan dengan betul dan sempurna dengan air dan sabun

    Baca Selanjutnya..